Depending on the age, place of birth and education level of the people you ask, you would get varied interpretations of the words: Resumé and Curriculum Vitae. Like many words in the English language today the distinction between Resumé and CV has been diluted and it is left to the reader to recognise the differences and purpose of each document.
Firstly, CV or Curriculum Vitae is Latin for ‘course of life’. Traditionally a CV is used for applications for academic, education, scientific or research positions. If this is your career history then you will be writing a long document possibly up to eight pages in length. You will include your background in terms of education, teaching/research experience, published journal articles or books, awards, associations and crucially all in substantial detail, probably using paragraphs rather than bullet points.